Symposium 6：Post-TB Complication
Patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB), even after cure or complete treatment, may suffer from both infectious and non-infectious pulmonary complications, which are usually chronic and deteriorating in nature, and eventually result in significant compromise in lung function and quality of life. The most common non-infectious pulmonary complications are obstructive lung disease and bronchiectasis. In addition, prior history of TB has long been associated with the development of lung cancer. With the presence of structural lung disease, colonization and infection with nontuberculous mycobacteria and Aspergillus are also common. Clinical manifestations and radiographic abnormalities are often non-specific and overlapping. Therefore, in addition to TB recurrence or reinfection, all of these conditions need to be considered in the differential diagnosis for patients presenting with respiratory symptoms or deteriorated lung condition after complete treatment for pulmonary TB.