Symposium 17：Advances in Diagnostic Bronchoscopy
The increase of incidental discovery for peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs) and lung cancer has led more urgent and requirement in tissue diagnosis. The PPLs and mediastinal lymphadenopathy are the most challenging for clinicians. There are various modalities for diagnosis and tissue sampling of pulmonary lesions. For PPLs, techniques include thin/ultrathin bronchoscopes, radial probe endobronchial ultrasound (RP-EBUS), navigation bronchoscopy including virtual navigation bronchoscopy (VNB) and electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy (ENB). In recently, the progress of newer technologies including robotic assisted bronchoscopy (RAB), cone beam CT (CBCT), and augmented fluoroscopy (AF) are introduced to navigate to peripheral pulmonary nodules. EBUS-TBNA is a good method for mediastinal lymph node. The section will introduce new techniques for PPLs and update EBUS-TBNA application.